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DUI Law

Speeding in Ohio – What is the Law?

SPEEDING: What is the law?The speed law is set forth at Ohio Revised Code 4511.21.  It states:(A) No person shall operate a motor vehicle, trackless trolley, or streetcar at a speed greater or less than is reasonable or proper, having due regard to the traffic, surface, and width of the street or highway and any other conditions, and no person shall drive any motor vehicle, trackless trolley, or streetcar in and upon any street or highway at a greater speed than will permit the person to bring it to a stop within the assured clear distance ahead.The law goes on...

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Driving Under the Influence of ADD/ADHD (by DaytonDUI)

To be diagnosed with ADD/ADHD, a person has to demonstrate an inability to complete divided-attention testing.  In 2009, the Centers for Disease Control reported that 9.5 percent of children in the United States had ADHD, up from the previous survey.  The trend has not gone unnoticed amongst the insurance industry who reported at the 162 annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association in May 2009 that:28 percent of adult drivers with ADHD reported receiving a citation withing the prior twelve months. 34 percent reported being in an auto collision. 44 percent reported either a citation or a collision.The standardized field sobriety tests...

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Will I Have “Party Plates?” (by DaytonDUI)

If you thought that public shaming was a barbaric practice relegated to the distant past, you have not been driving through Ohio.  Ohio was the first state in the country to adopt a form of public humiliation by adopting special license plates for drunk driving offenders.  Use of the "scarlet letter" plates became mandatory in 2004. O.R.C. 4507.02(F)(2) and 4503.231.  These bright yellow plates with prominent red lettering (often referred to as party plates) are an indelible record of your offense and will not be easily forgotten by friends, family, customers and clients.  At DaytonDUI we are opposed to "branding,"...

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Stop & Sniff Case Law Update (by DaytonDUI)

In Kirtland Hills v. Medancic, 2012-Ohio-4333, a recent case out of the Eleventh District Court of Appeals, the Court reaffirmed the principle that just because a police officer smells alcohol on a driver does not mean that the police officer has reasonable and articulable suspicion to continue the detention of the driver and/or remove that driver to administer standardized field sobriety tests.  One of the major decision points in the OVI arrest process is the officer’s decision to remove a suspect from his or her car and conductstandardized field sobriety testing. The officer is trained to arrive at this “decision point” by conducting an interview and...

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Ohio DUI Law: Reasonable and Articulable Suspicion

What Level of Proof Does Law Enforcement Need to Pull You From Your Car For Standardized Field Tests? One of the major decision points in the OVI arrest process is the officer’s decision to remove a suspect from his or her car and conduct standardized field sobriety testing. The officer is trained to arrive at this “decision point” by conducting an interview and using specific “pre-exit interview techniques” which include asking for two things simultaneously; asking interrupting or distracting questions; and asking unusual questions. (NHTSA Student Manual VI-4).  Additional techniques which an officer may employ include and Alphabet test (begin with...

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Standardized Field Sobriety Tests: The One Leg Stand Test

The Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFST) are a battery of three tests administered and evaluated in a standardized manner to obtain validated indicators of impairment and establish probable cause for arrest. These tests were developed as a result of research sponsored by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and conducted by the Southern California Research Institute. A formal program of training was developed and is available through NHTSA to help law enforcement officers become more skillful at detecting DWI suspects, describing the behavior of these suspects, and presenting effective testimony in court. Formal administration and accreditation of the program is provided through the...

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Get Your Ohio Online Driving Records (by DaytonDUI)

The Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles has created a system to access your driving record on-line.  The system permits drivers to obtain a record of all convictions within the past two years. The driving record will also reflect all open suspensions or revocations. Drivers are reminded that Ohio Revised Code (ORC 4510.037) provides that the Registrar of Motor Vehicles is required to impose a license suspension on all drivers who accumulate 12 points on their records during any two-year period. A list of points charged for various offenses can be found in ORC 4510.036.  Click HERE to access your unofficial driving record. To...

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Ohio OVI Law: The Coming DRE Expert

Ohio is making the transition to using the Drug Recognition Expert protocol in apprehending and prosecuting impaired drivers.   DRE refers not only to the officers themselves, but to the 12-step procedure that these officers use. DRE was developed by police officers from the Los Angeles (California) Police Department. In 1979, the Drug Recognition program received the official recognition of the LAPD.  On October 22, 2010, Ohio became the 48th state to be accepted into the International Association of Chiefs of Police's (IACP) Drug Evaluation and Classification Program (DECP). Once approved by the IACP's DECP Highway Safety Committee, Ohio was eligible to...

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Ohio Revised Code 4511.194, Physical Control

Ohio Revised Code section 4511.194 defines the crime of “Physical Control.” The crime of "Physical Control" involves being in physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or a drug of abuse.  This definition means that you do not have to be driving or operating the car.  If a person is in the driver’s position of the front seat of a vehicle, or in the driver’s position of a streetcar, or trackless trolley and having possession of the vehicle’s, streetcar’s or trackless trolley’s key, or other ignition device that person is in “physical control” of the vehicle.  See...

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Low BAC And Fatal Crashes (by DaytonDUI)

According to research complied by David J. Hanson, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus of Sociology of the State University of New York at Potsdam, most drivers who have had something to drink have low blood alcohol content or concentration (BAC) and few are involved in fatal crashes. On the other hand, while only a few drivers have BACs higher than .15, a much higher proportion of those drivers have fatal crashes.The average BAC among fatally injured drinking drivers is .16 1 The relative risk of death for drivers in single-vehicle crashes with a high BAC is 385 times that of a zero-BAC driver and for...

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