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Dayton DUI Attorney Charles Rowland > Posts tagged "dui case law"

Admitting OVI Blood Tests Made Easier By Ohio Supreme Court

A REVIEW OF BLOOD TEST REGULATION IN OHIO In Ohio, a blood test is administered by a crime lab or the collecting health care agency. The blood must be drawn by a licensed medical professional.  In cases where blood tests are administered by a crime lab, the Ohio DUI driver’s blood sample must be drawn within three hours of the perceived infraction.  In addition, it must be tested in compliance with regulations drafted by the Ohio Department of Health. Because of their complexity, an attorney focusing on DUI defense exclusively should be considered.Please consult the articles on the ODH rules on this...

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Police Do Not Need To Know Law To Enforce It – Heien v. North Carolina

Heien v. North Carolina, No. 13–604. Argued October 6, 2014—Decided December 15, 2014 ; another case giving police more power to stop and arrest and another body blow to the Fourth Amendment.In 2009, Nicholas Heien and a friend were traveling on a highway in North Carolina when they were stopped for having a broken tail light. Subsequently, a search of the car found a plastic bag containing cocaine. Where this case takes a turn is when we learn that the police had no legal right to stop the car because, under North Carolina law, having a single broken tail light is...

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DUI Case Law Update: State v. Ilg

DUI case law update: State v. Ilg, Slip Opinion No. 2014-Ohio-4258For most of my career I have had to deal with a tremendous disadvantage in DUI cases.  In 1984, the Ohio Supreme Court decided State v. Vega, 12 Ohio St. 3d 185, 465 N.E.2d 1303 (1984) which was interpreted to prevent an attack on the breath test machine if it attacked the "general reliability" of a breath alcohol test if it was "conducted in accordance with methods approved by the director of the Ohio Department of Health." Id.  In practical purposes, courts used VEGA to preclude almost all attacks on a...

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Ohio Supreme Court Rules on DUI Motion To Suppress Issue

The Ohio Supreme Court ruled on a DUI Motion to Suppress issue in State v. Codeluppi, 2012-Ohio-5812.In August of 2011, Officer Ryan M. Young of the North Ridgeville Police Department stopped Ms. Codeluppi on Lorain Road for driving 53 m.p.h. in a 35 m.p.h. zone.  When Officer Young walked to the driver’s window of Ms. Codeluppi’s car, he smelled a strong odor of alcohol coming from the interior of the car. Following an investigation and administration of standardized field sobriety tests, the defendant was arrested for OVI.In her motion to suppress, Ms. Codeluppi asserted that: the officer lacked sufficient reasonable grounds...

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DUI Case Law – Ohio DUI | OVI Blog (Due Process)

To understand DUI case law, it is important to understand how the United States Supreme Court analyzes due process issues.  "The Supreme Court has identified two distinct categories of fundamental liberties. The first category includes most of the liberties expressly enumerated in the Bill of Rights. Through a process known as "selective incorporation," the Supreme Court has interpreted the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to bar states from denying their residents the most important freedoms guaranteed in the first ten amendments to the federal Constitution. Only the Second Amendment right to bear arms, the Third Amendment right against involuntary quartering of soldiers, and the Fifth...

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OVI Law: The Officer Can Testify Even If He/She Was Incompetent

Imagine for a moment that you are stopped for suspicion of drunk driving.  The officer asks you out of the vehicle and begins to administer "standardized field sobriety tests."  You start to notice that the officer is unsure of himself.  Maybe he/she give contradictory instructions or stops you and tells you to do it a different way.  As the tests proceed you begin to fear that the officer does not know how to properly administer the tests.  Surely, this will not be used against you in court, right?It is the burden of the state to demonstrate the admissibility of the...

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Eleventh District Court of Appeals Upholds State v. Vega

When you are accused of a DUI/OVI in Ohio, the breath test machine is presumed to be perfect.  What is more, your attorney cannot challenge presumed flaws in the machine or the weakness in the science supporting the machine.  Such challenges are limited by a 1984 Ohio Supreme Court ruling (State v. Vega) holding that once the Ohio Department of Health certifies a machine, it becomes valid and the defendant loses the ability to argue defenses based on the underlying science of the machine.  This author has made it a long-standing goal to fight this case and has done so for...

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