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Dayton DUI Attorney Charles Rowland > Posts tagged "roadside tests" (Page 2)

You’re Not Drunk, You’re ADD/ADHD

To be diagnosed with ADD/ADHD, a person has to demonstrate an inability to complete divided-attention testing.  In 2009, the Centers for Disease Control reported that 9.5 percent of children in the United States had ADHD, up from the previous survey.  The trend has not gone unnoticed amongst the insurance industry who reported at the 162 annual meeting of theAmerican Psychiatric Association in May 2009 that:28 percent of adult drivers with ADHD reported receiving a citation withing the prior twelve months. 34 percent reported being in an auto collision. 44 percent reported either a citation or a collision.The standardized field sobriety tests are divided-attention tests.  Given these statistics,...

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The Limits of the Standardized Field Sobriety Tests

Ohio Revised Code 4511.19(D)(4)(b) sets forth the standards for admissibility of the results of field sobriety tests in OVI (drunk driving) prosecutions.  See State v. Bozcar, 113 Ohio St. 3d 148, 2007-Ohio-1251, 863 N.E.2d 115 (2007).  In order for the tests to be admissible, the State must demonstrate:By clear and convincing evidence. The Officer administered the tests insubstantial compliance. The testing standards for any reliable, credible, and generally accepted test. Including, but not limited to, the standards set by NHTSA.The only guidance provided for determining the meaning of “substantial compliance” has come from State v. Burnside, 100 Ohio St. 3d 152, 2003-Ohio-5372 (2003), wherein the court indicated that errors that...

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Standardized Field Sobriety Tests: You Can’t Say That!

"The notion that an officer may testify and estimate that a person, based on his or her Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus results, will test over the statutory limit a certain percentage of the time is alarming."  This is not the opinion of an OVI defense attorney, but the opinion of the 4th District Court of Appeals in State v. Martin, 2005-Ohio-1732 (Ohio Ct. App. 4th Dist. Pickaway County 2005)(error found to be harmless in light of the other evidence adduced).  Therein, the court found it was error for the trial court to permit the arresting officer to testify that four or...

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Ohio OVI: Standardized Field Sobriety Tests & Marijuana

State v. Dixon, 2007-Ohio-5189 (Ohio Ct. App. 12th Dist. Clermont County 2007).More and more, we are seeing law enforcement officers arrest drivers on suspicion of operating a vehicle under the influence of marijuana.  Often, an officer will request a urine test for marijuana after a defendant has blown substantially under the per se alcohol limit on a breath test machine.  This raises questions about the proper determination of probable cause.  If, for example, no alcohol was suspected how did the officer arrive deduce enough evidence to make an arrest? Were the standardized field sobriety tests administered to detect alcohol or...

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Ohio DUI Law: Reasonable and Articulable Suspicion

What Level of Proof Does Law Enforcement Need to Pull You From Your Car For Standardized Field Tests? One of the major decision points in the OVI arrest process is the officer’s decision to remove a suspect from his or her car and conduct standardized field sobriety testing. The officer is trained to arrive at this “decision point” by conducting an interview and using specific “pre-exit interview techniques” which include asking for two things simultaneously; asking interrupting or distracting questions; and asking unusual questions. (NHTSA Student Manual VI-4).  Additional techniques which an officer may employ include and Alphabet test (begin with...

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Are the Standardized Field Sobriety Tests Fair to Fatter People?

Being overweight can impact your performance on the standardized field sobriety tests.  The government agency tasked with verifying the validity of the standardized field sobriety tests is the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (hereinafter NHTSA).  NHTSA concedes that being fifty or more pounds overweight affects performance on the one-leg stand test; a test requiring the suspect to raise a foot off the ground and stand on one foot for 30 seconds. See NHTSA, DWI Detection and Standardized Field Sobriety Testing, Participant's Manual (2006), re: WAT at VIII-11, re: OLS at VIII-13. Id. re: 50 lbs at VIII-13.  In older versions...

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Proof Beyond All Reasonable Doubt And Other Closing Arguments (by DaytonDUI)

Imagine that you woke up with a sore throat.  It persists throughout the day and into the next.  As the week drags on you feel worse and worse and your wife demands that you go to the doctor.  You hate doctors, but you feel so lousy that you agree to get your throat checked out.  When you arrive you fill out the requisite forms and wait longer than you feel is necessary.  Just as you are nearing your boiling point a nurse calls your name and leads you into a small room.  You tell her that you've had a sore...

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Greene County (Beavercreek) OVI Checkpoint Tonight (Sept. 11, 2012)

Law enforcement officials will conduct a rare weekday OVI checkpoint along Indian Ripple Rd., in front of the Greene from 8pm until midnight.  The  checkpoint will  be conducted by the Ohio State Highway Patrol in conjunction with local police support.  You should expect that the OVI checkpoint will be accompanied by saturation patrols.If you want to receive updated information on sobriety checkpoints,  enhanced traffic enforcement, saturation patrols and other important developments that affect you, sign up for text alerts on the main page of this blog.  Text alerts will be sent directly to your mobile device/smartphone in the location you choose in the Miami...

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