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Field Tests (SFSTs) Tag

Dayton DUI Attorney Charles Rowland > Posts tagged "Field Tests (SFSTs)" (Page 2)

Ohio DUI Defense – What Books Do You Need?

Ohio DUI defense includes having the right materials to prepare your case for trial.  There are 14 NHTSA police training manuals that are specific to an DUI/OVI case.  They are:NHTSA DWI Detection and Standardized Field Sobriety Testing - Instructor Manual NHTSA DWI Detection and Standardized Field Sobriety Testing - Participant Manual NHTSA Drug Recognition Expert 2-Day Pre-School - Instructor Manual NHTSA Drug Recognition Expert 2-Day Pre-School - Participant Manual NHTSA Drug Recognition Expert 7-Day School - Instructor Manual NHTSA Drug Recognition Expert 7-Day School - Student Manual NHTSA Drugs that Impair Driving - Instructor Manual NHTSA Drugs that Impair Driving - Student Manual NHTSA Standardized Field Sobriety Testing...

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How To Defend Against A One Leg Stand Test

Did the officer allege you did poorly on the One Leg Stand standardized field sobriety test?The Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFST) are a battery of three tests administered and evaluated in a standardized manner to obtain validated indicators of impairment and establish probable cause for arrest. These tests were developed as a result of research sponsored by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and conducted by the Southern California Research Institute. A formal program of training was developed and is available through NHTSA to help law enforcement officers become more skillful at detecting DWI suspects, describing the behavior of these suspects, and presenting...

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Changes To The 2013 NHTSA Standardized Field Sobriety Test Manual

There is a new NHTSA Standardized Field Sobriety Test training manual and it is significantly changed from prior versions.  Included is the new focus of law enforcement on impairing drugs.  The new information lays the groundwork for full implementation of the Drug Recognition Expert protocol now making its way into Ohio law. This article will focus on the changes in a format that follows the NHTSA Standardized Field Sobriety Test training manual text, session by session.  Full versions of the NHTSA DUI training manual are available at various sources on the internet.  This article incorporates the work of various authors and...

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What Is A Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus Test?

What is the Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus Test? Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant affecting many of the higher as well as lower motor control systems of the body. This results in poor motor coordination, sluggish reflexes, and emotional instability. The part of the nervous system that fine-tunes and controls hand movements and body posture also controls eye movements. When intoxicated, a person's nervous system will display a breakdown in the smooth and accurate control of eye movements. This breakdown in the smooth control of eye movement may result in the inability to hold the eyes steady, resulting in a number...

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Tell Your Ohio OVI Attorney That You Are ADD/ADHD

If you are afflicted with adult ADD/ADHD make sure to raise the issue with your OVI Attorney. To be diagnosed with ADD/ADHD, a person has to demonstrate an inability to complete divided-attention testing.  In 2009, the Centers for Disease Control reported that 9.5 percent of children in the United States had ADHD, up from the previous survey.  The trend has not gone unnoticed amongst the insurance industry who reported at the 162 annual meeting of theAmerican Psychiatric Association in May 2009 that:28 percent of adult drivers with ADHD reported receiving a citation withing the prior twelve months. 34 percent reported being in an auto collision. 44...

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Phase Two: The Personal Contact Phase

An officer's decision to arrest for DUI involves three steps: observing the vehicle in motion, observing the driver during a personal contact phase, and administering field sobriety tests.  Evidence is collected at each stage.  If, after conducting all three phases, the officer believes probable cause exists that you are impaired, you will then be arrested.  Probable cause is a flexible, common-sense standard. It merely requires that the facts available to the officer would 'warrant a man of reasonable caution in the belief,' Carroll v. United States, 267 U.S. 132, 162 (1925), that you are impaired; it does not demand any showing that...

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Standardized Field Sobriety Tests – An Infographic

This info graphic describes the science behind the standardized field sobriety tests (spoiler alert: There isn't much).  Field Sobriety Tests are commonly known as the roadside activities that police officers ask drivers to perform if the officer suspects that the driver is impaired by alcohol or another impairing substance. We call them “stupid human tricks.”  Contrary to popular understanding and belief, many of these tests have little basis in science, and the ones that do are frequently performed incorrectly.You are also subjected to a great variance in the officer’s understanding of the tests and his or her ability to competently administer...

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The Ohio “Clear and Convincing Evidence” Standard

Clear and Convincing Evidence is required for the standardized field sobriety tests to be admitted. Ohio Revised Code 4511.19(D)(4)(b) sets forth the standards for admissibility of the results of field sobriety tests in OVI (drunk driving) prosecutions.  See State v. Bozcar, 113 Ohio St. 3d 148, 2007-Ohio-1251, 863 N.E.2d 115 (2007).  In order for the tests to be admissible, the State must demonstrate:By clear and convincing evidence. The Officer administered the tests in substantial compliance. The testing standards for any reliable, credible, and generally accepted test. Including, but not limited to, the standards set by NHTSA.The only guidance provided for determining the meaning of “substantial compliance” has come from State v....

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Changes To Ohio’s Field Sobriety Test Manual – Part One

Ohio has adopted a new Field Sobriety Test manual as of 2013.  This post is part of a multi-article look at the Field Sobriety Test manual changes.1. Let's Change The Name The first change to the Field Sobriety Test manual is the name.  Prior to this year the training class for law enforcement officers studying the Field Sobriety Test regimen was called A.D.A.P. (Alcohol and Drug Awareness Program) and used the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration "manual."  The new class will simply be called Field Sobriety Test or SFST class and will use a "guide."Remaining from the previous training materials is...

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There’s A New Standardized Field Sobriety Tests “Guide”

Standardized Field Sobriety Tests are commonly known as the roadside activities that police officers ask drivers to perform if the officer suspects that the driver is impaired by alcohol or another impairing substance. We call them "stupid human tricks."  Contrary to popular understanding and belief, many of these tests have little basis in science, and the ones that do are frequently performed incorrectly.NHTSA has developed a new "GUIDE" in assessing Standardized Field Sobriety Tests.  The new (March, 2013) version focuses more on having law enforcement recognize and administer tests to determine impaired driving by substances other than alcohol.  No new scientific studies...

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