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Dayton DUI Attorney Charles Rowland > Posts tagged "United States" (Page 7)

You Have The Right To Remain Silent

We frequently encounter jurisdictions that conduct "interviews" with a suspect following an arrest.  These interviews are carefully crafted checklists that gather incriminating statements related to the elements of the crime and further attempt to limit mitigating factors which your attorney may later wish to assert.  The questions typically seek to establish that the suspect was "operating" the vehicle.  Officers will also ask what the person had to eat and drink, when, where and how much.  Medical issues, mental issues, eye health, and other questions seek to limit the suspect's ability to later assert a defense to the clues of impairment...

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Aggravated Drug Trafficking vs. Drug Trafficking in Ohio

Because of the high-profile nature of drug offenses, trafficking in drugs has overlapping federal and state jurisdiction.  The Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act is the legal foundation of "War on Drugs" in the United States. The Act regulates the manufacture, possession, movement, and distribution of drugs in our country. It places all drugs into one of five schedules, or classifications, and is controlled by the Department of Justice and the Department of Health and Human Services, including the Federal Drug Administration.  Ohio law, as set forth below, adopts this drug classification system.  Drug trafficking can be charged as...

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WCPO I-Team Questions the Standardized Field Sobriety Tests

“I would never recommend anyone take the field sobriety test. It’s designed to fail.”  That is the conclusion of Dr. Spurgeon Cole, a retired Clemson University psychology professor whose area of expertise is the study of measurements.  He says all ages are scored the same, and “whether you’re a good athlete or you’re a klutz, you get the same [test].”  This conclusion is set forth in the I-team investigation into the Standardized Field Sobriety Tests by WCPO, ABC 9 in Cincinnati. Full Story HERE.  Attorneys who defend the accused drunk driver agree. “They are setting you up to fail," MJ Donovan...

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Ohio Has Declared War on Drunk Drivers

In 1982, Ohio declared “WAR” on drunk driving.  Since that time Ohio has devised one of the toughest DUI systems in the nation.  By creating a civil penalty called an automatic license suspension, even a first time DUI results in an immediate loss of your “right” to drive.  A conviction can result in a jail sentence ranging from the mandatory minimum three days to a maximum of six months and a minimum fine of $375.00 up to $1,075.  Conviction of a first time DUI will result in a license suspension lasting from six months to three years.  If a driver...

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DUI Law and the Fourth Amendment: Is Your Home Your Castle?

The doctrine that “a man’s home is his castle” is enshrined in the Bill of Rights.  The Fourth Amendment to the United State Constitution embodies the principle and states that a home should be free from search without a warrant.  The Fourth Amendment states, “The right of the people to be secure in their person, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause * * *.” Furthermore, in United States v. United States Dist. Court for the E. Dist. of Michigan (1972) 407 U.S. 297, 313,...

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Innocent Until Proven Guilty; Does it apply in Ohio DUI Prosecutions?

Ei incumbit probatio qui dicit, non qui negat In America you are presumed innocent until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.  "Presumption of innocence" serves to emphasize that the prosecution has the obligation to prove each element of the offense beyond a reasonable doubt and that the accused bears no burden of proof.  This presumption is ancient, dating back to the Old Testament.  In Genesis 18:23-32, it states, "Abraham drew near, and said, "Will you consume the righteous with the wicked? What if there are fifty righteous within the city? Will you consume and not spare the place for the fifty...

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Are We Living In The Good ‘Ole Days?

Reduced Crime Rates Recall Golden Era For the past twenty years the United States has been living through a phenomenon.  In a recent Washington Post editorial, Chales Lane wrote, Between 1991 and 2010, the homicide rate in the United States fell 51 percent, from 9.8 per 100,000 residents to 4.8 per 100,000. Property crimes such as burglary also fell sharply during that period; auto theft, once the bane of urban life, dropped an astonishing 64 percent. And FBI data released Dec. 19 show that the trends continued in the first half of 2011. With luck, the United States could soon equal its...

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Scientific Defenses to an OVI: The GERD Defense

The National Center for Health Statistics estimates that acid reflux (called gastroesophageal reflux) and the more serious Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (hereinafter GERD) affect more than 90 million people at least one time per month and about 25 million people experience serious GERD problems daily. "  GERD is usually caused by changes in the barrier between the stomach and the esophagus, including abnormal relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter, which normally holds the top of the stomach closed; impaired expulsion of gastric reflux from the esophagus, or a hiatal hernia. These changes may be permanent or temporary ("transient"). [cite]Although about 10...

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Consequences of a Fake ID

Fake IDs Have Real ConsequencesIf you are under the age of 21 years of age and you either (a) use someone else's identification to buy alcohol, or (b) alter your identification to purchase alcohol, you will find yourself facing a multiplicity of consequences.  O.R.C. 4510.33 carries a one year license suspension.  You will be required to retake the driver's license examination if the license is altered.  You will also be required to pay a reinstatement fee to the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles.  You can file an appeal within 20 days of the mailing of the notice in the municipal or...

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Driving Under Suspension: The Warrant Block

Yet another way to earn an Ohio license suspension is to have an outstanding warrant. You can find this suspension at Ohio Revised Code Section 4503.13. What is unique about this suspension is that it is not really a suspension, but a block.  A municipal court can send a report to the Ohio BMV that an arrest warrant has been issued.  Upon the bureau's receipt of this information, the Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV) will deny the person named in the arrest warrant the right to apply for a driver license or vehicle registration.  Because of the nature of the warrant...

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