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Ohio revised code Tag

Dayton DUI Attorney Charles Rowland > Posts tagged "Ohio revised code" (Page 3)

Roadside Seizure: Some Definitions (by DaytonDUI)

There are a number of legal terms that apply to the government's ability to take your stuff.  Here is a guide to help you understand the different terms which may apply to your case.1. Seizure.  Your car may be subject to seizure at roadside at the time of your arrest under certain circumstances.  The officer's decision on whether or not to impound in an OVI arrest are governed by R.C. 4511.195. However, seizure of your vehicle is required for the following offenses,A second or greater OVI within six years, and any felony OVI offense. see R.C. 4511.19(G)(1)(b)(v), R.C. 4511.19(G)(1)(d)(v) and...

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Driving Under An OVI Suspension

"I had to get to work.  If I missed another day they were going to fire me, so I drove and got a ticket.  What is going to happen?"  Driving under an OVI suspension is a violation of Ohio Revised Code 4510.14.  It is a separate offense from a DUI/OVI charge and carries harsh mandatory penalties.  Most of these charges originate when a person is desperate to live up to their obligations to their work and/or their family.  Often, the automatic license suspension is the worst part of the DUI experience.  It is the position of this author that taking a person's...

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Affirmative Defenses to a Driving Under Suspension Charge

Ohio law provides two affirmative defenses to the crime of driving under suspension.  Ohio Revised Code section 4510.04, Affirmative defenses to driving under suspension or cancellation, provides in pertinent part, It is an affirmative defense to any prosecution brought under section 4510.11, 4510.14, 4510.16, or 4510.21 of the Revised Code or under any substantially equivalent municipal ordinance that the alleged offender drove under suspension, without a valid permit or driver’s or commercial driver’s license, or in violation of a restriction because of a substantial emergency, and because no other person was reasonably available to drive in response to the emergency.It is an affirmative defense to any...

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Speeding in Ohio – What is the Law?

SPEEDING: What is the law?The speed law is set forth at Ohio Revised Code 4511.21.  It states:(A) No person shall operate a motor vehicle, trackless trolley, or streetcar at a speed greater or less than is reasonable or proper, having due regard to the traffic, surface, and width of the street or highway and any other conditions, and no person shall drive any motor vehicle, trackless trolley, or streetcar in and upon any street or highway at a greater speed than will permit the person to bring it to a stop within the assured clear distance ahead.The law goes on...

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A First Offense OVI In Ohio

A first offense OVI is defined at O.R.C. 4511.19 as a DUI with no priors within 6 years.  A first offense OVI can be charged in three ways.  The first charge is caused by testing over the legal limit of .08% B.A.C. (example O.R.C. 4511.19(A)(1)(d)).  These types of offenses are also referred to as “per se”  violations.  A second way to be charged is for violating the high-tier provision of Ohio’s OVI law.  Ohio has also created a per se “high-tier” limit of .17% BrAC, sometimes referred to as a SUPER-OVI.  The per se high-tier limits for a first offense OVI are set forth at O.R.C. 4511.19(A)(1)(f) The person...

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Standardized Field Sobriety Tests: The One Leg Stand Test

The Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFST) are a battery of three tests administered and evaluated in a standardized manner to obtain validated indicators of impairment and establish probable cause for arrest. These tests were developed as a result of research sponsored by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and conducted by the Southern California Research Institute. A formal program of training was developed and is available through NHTSA to help law enforcement officers become more skillful at detecting DWI suspects, describing the behavior of these suspects, and presenting effective testimony in court. Formal administration and accreditation of the program is provided through the...

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Ohio Revised Code 4511.194, Physical Control

Ohio Revised Code section 4511.194 defines the crime of “Physical Control.” The crime of "Physical Control" involves being in physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or a drug of abuse.  This definition means that you do not have to be driving or operating the car.  If a person is in the driver’s position of the front seat of a vehicle, or in the driver’s position of a streetcar, or trackless trolley and having possession of the vehicle’s, streetcar’s or trackless trolley’s key, or other ignition device that person is in “physical control” of the vehicle.  See...

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The DUI Court Process: What is Voir Dire?

If your Ohio DUI case proceeds to trial, your attorney will be given a chance to "pick" a jury during a process called voir dire.  You attorney will question prospective jurors about their backgrounds and potential biases.  Experienced DUI trial counsel will tell you that a good voir dire is especially important in a DUI case.  The principles of federal due process as well as the Sixth and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution guarantee a defendant a trial by a “panel of impartial, indifferent jurors.” Irvin v. Dowd, 366 U.S. 717, 722 (1961); Morgan, 504 U.S. at 727....

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What Constitutes a Felony DUI in Ohio?

Ohio has enacted two “look-back” statutes which enhance the penalties for a DUI; a six year look-back and a twenty year look-back.  This post will focus on when a DUI becomes a felony.  For a complete list of penalties for DUI offenses check out my previous article OHIO OVI PENALTIES.Six Year Look-BackIf you receive a second DUI six years from the conviction date of your first DUI, the penalties are enhanced.  Both a first and second DUI within a six year period are first degree misdemeanors which carry a maximum fine of $1,075.00 and a maximum incarceration of six (6)...

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DUI Blood Tests: Whole Blood vs. Serum/Plasma

Ohio Administrative Code 3701-53-03(A) sets forth the techniques and methods for determining the concentration of alcohol in blood, urine and other bodily substances.  Pursuant to that rule, Ohio allows for testing including gas chromatography and enzyme assays.  To challenge a blood test, it is important to know if the State has tested the blood as whole blood or as serum/plasma.  Operation with a concentration of alcohol is prohibited if the concentration in whole blood is equal to or exceeds .08%, R.C. 4511.19(A)(1)(b).  However, the prohibited concentration for whole blood is a concentration equal to or exceeding .096%, R.C.4511.19(A)(1)(c).  The high...

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